They turn a rich orange-red before falling in autumn. Spindle Tree, European spindletree: Family: Celastraceae: USDA hardiness: 3-7: Known Hazards: Poisonous. Spindle is an ancient-woodland indicator. Spindle is native to much of Europe and can be found most commonly on the edges of forests and in hedges, scrub and hedgerows. 1 General Description. The spindle is at its loveliest in autumn when its leaves turn russet and its pink and orange fruits ripen. Spindle is hermaphrodite, meaning each flower contains both male and female reproductive parts. Birds are attracted to the fruit and tend to spread them freely to the point this plant has become weedy and invasive in some areas. Identified in winter by: the vivid pink fruits which have bright orange seeds. Transform your home into a woodland wonderland this Christmas with our easy ideas for festive, foraged home decor. Chinese Spindle Tree fruit also known as Euonymus Hamiltonianus Spindle tree and ripe fruits Fantastic spindle tree-euonymus europaeus -detail of the red fruits with bright orange seeds , decorative flowering plant for gardenss Other names include fusoria, fusanum, ananbeam, shemshad rasmi (Iran), while it may have given its name to the ancient Greek settlement of Euonymeia. Euonymus / juːˈɒnɪməs / is a genus of flowering plants in the staff vine family, Celastraceae. The European spindle tree (E. europaeus), which grows to 6 metres (20 feet), keeps its poisonous pink and orange fruits after the leaves fall. It is a deciduous shrub or small tree. Nick Upton / Spindle tree berries (Euonymus europaeus) with orange seeds visible … This plant has some cultivated varieties. Download this stock image: European Spindle Tree (Euonymus europaea), fruits and seeds - XB83HJ from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. It thrives in chalky soils and is less common in Scotland. In the past it was used to make ‘spindles’ for spinning and holding wool (hence its name), as well as skewers, toothpicks, pegs and knitting needles. GB520 6111 04. The strange fruits of the spindle tree should be collected during October when they are pink. Genus Euonymus can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs or small trees, often with fine autumn colour, and small flowers followed by colourful fruits Details E. europaeus is a spreading deciduous shrub to 3m, with narrowly ovate leaves turning yellow or red in autumn, and panicles of small yellow flowers followed by 4-lobed red fruits which split to reveal orange seeds Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Have tree and plant questions? buds : The leaves of Euonymus europaea are simple, opposite, unlobed and finely toothed. Just pick them carefully from the tree and store them in paper or cotton bags or in buckets. It has opposite, lanceolate to elliptical leaves with finely serrated edges that are dark green in the summer, turning yellow-green to reddish-purple in the autumn. Spindle-tree is an European species of euonymus with attractive fall color and interesting seed capsules. European spindle-tree Family: Celastraceae: tree. Buds and twigs are angular and green. This plant yields attractive, showy pink to reddish capsules that open to reveal orange seeds. The wood is used for pegs and spindles, and several varieties of… In European folklore, an early flowering of the European spindle tree was a sure sign that an outbreak of the plague was on the horizon. a branch of the spindle with a dark background. After pollination, flowers develop into bright pink fruits with bright orange seeds, which look a bit like popcorn. Mature trees can live for over 100 years. It bears small greenish-white flowers, in loose clusters, during May and June, followed by an abundance of fruits. leaf. The leaves have very short stalks, are opposite in pairs and have minute teeth on the margin. However, in some areas, it was also thought that if the spindle flowered early, an outbreak of the plague was on the way. The tiny whitish-green flowers borne on long stalks and the white seeds surrounded by orange flesh distinguish European spindle-tree from other spindle-trees (Euonymus species ). Download royalty-free Fruit of european spindle tree stock photo 31165275 from Depositphotos collection of millions of premium high-resolution stock photos, vector images and illustrations. The fruits were baked and powdered, and used to treat head lice or mange in cattle. Spindle-tree is so-named because the very hard wood was formerly used to fashion spindles for spinning wool. Wildlife loves its leaves and fruit, and aphids flock to it, bringing with them an array of their predators. In eastern Europe, gutta-percha resin is extracted from this plant. This is a shrub or a small tree with an irregular crown. Often simply called the spindle tree, it has other common names including European euonymus, prick timber, prickwood, … Browse the curated collection and add your voice! No further details. fruit. Today, spindle timber is used to make high-quality charcoal for artists. 01646700. If you spot it while you're out exploring, it could be a sign you're standing in a rare and special habitat. Ernie Janes / Spindle (Euonymus europacus) berries. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Our future. Download european spindle tree stock photos. The Woodland Trust is a charity registered in England and Wales (No. Go to list of cultivars. Pink and Orange Flowers of Spindle Tree. Fruits: 4-lobed red fruits with orange seeds 2-2.5m Euonymus europaeus Red Fruits and Orange seeds of Euonymus europaeus Euonymus europaeus is a twiggy upright spreading deciduous shrub native to Europe with narrowly ovate leaves which are dark green in … 01588906. Our communities. Requires well drained soil. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. Woodland Trust (Enterprises) Limited, registered in England (No. Spindle-tree is an European species of euonymus with attractive fall color and interesting seed capsules. Images © protected Woodland Trust. An upright narrow shrub or tree reaching 12 to 25 feet high and 10 to 20 feet wide becoming more rounded with age. bark. Abstract macro close up of fruit and flower of the spindle tree, euonymus europaeus. 294344) and in Scotland (No. The bark and twigs are deep green, becoming darker with age, and have light brown, corky markings. These fruits appear on the European spindle tree in the late summer and early fall. Inconspicuous; yellow green flowers with four petals. It is easily identified in winter by its vivid pink fruits. Spindle has bright pink fruits with orange seeds. Spindle tree berries (Euonymus europaeus) with orange seeds visible within splitting capsular fruits, Wiltshire, UK, September. Discover our recent challenges and successes and how you can help. Return to Land Gallery. This is said to have meant ‘lucky’. The European spindle tree, Euonymus europaea, is a deciduous UK-native tree that is most identifiable by its clusters of white flowers that appear in early summer, transforming into vivid pink fruits with bright orange seeds by the autumn, also the time when the leaves turn a spectacular shade of crimson. Simple, opposite leaves; oval with finely toothed edges; 1 to 3 inches long; dark green. Birds easily spread the seeds; this plant is becoming invasive in some areas. Registered in England No. Our free Tree ID app for Android and iPhone helps you identify the UK's native and non-native trees. Delivery is free. November. Image of fruit, pink, nature - 30702652 Identified in winter by: the vivid pink fruits which have bright orange seeds. This plant is most often known as the European spindle tree, a name that comes from the fact that the stems are hard and at one time were sharpened into weaving spindles. - spindle berries stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. The berries of the tree are not entirely unuseful, however. A non-profit-making company limited by guarantee. The seeds of Euonymus europaeus are dormant and need to be ‘stratified’ (exposed to cold, damp conditions) to trigger them into growth. 1982873. Industrious, delicate, colourful. macro shot of spindle tree (european evonymus) - spindle berries stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. Its berries are a source of food for birds like starlings. Opposite, simple, elliptical, 2.5 to 4 inches long, finely serrated, long pointed, green above, paler and may be pubescent below. It has small flowers which grow in clusters in May and June. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. Common names vary widely among different species and between different English-speaking countries, but include spindle (or spindle tree ), burning-bush, strawberry-bush, wahoo, wintercreeper, or simply euonymus. Images of this species: Common look-alikes: Identification. Closeup of the mature fruits of a european spindle tree in late autumn. ---Description---The Spindle Tree found in our hedges and copses is a smooth-leaved shrub. Appearance . Spindle may be affected by vine weevil, spider mite and a sap-feeding scale insect, which can cause dieback. Bob Gibbons/ FLPA / European Spindle (Euonymus europaeus) with fruit, Saxon village area, Transylvania, Romania / 80077713 Spindle timber is creamy-white, hard and dense. The leaves are shiny and slightly waxy, and have tiny sharp teeth along the edges. Flowers have four petals and grow in clusters in May and June, and are pollinated by insects. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Twigs are thin and straight. Stop by, email, or call. European spindletree. Go to list of cultivars. European Spindle tree European Spindle-tree. … These burst open when ripe and release white seeds with an orange coating. Euonymus europaeus, the spindle, European spindle, or common spindle, is a species of flowering plant in the family Celastraceae, native to much of Europe, where it inhabits the edges of forest, hedges and gentle slopes, tending to thrive on nutrient-rich, chalky and salt-poor soils. Contents. It grows, often rapidly, to 12-20’ (less frequently to 30’) tall. The following menu has 3 levels. It is moderately threatening to native communities. Cases … The bark and twigs are deep green, becoming darker with age, and have light brown, corky markings. White seeds coated in orange flesh and pink capsules distinguish this plant from other Euonymus species. Sven Zacek / European spindle tree (Euonymus europaeus) covered in pink berries, Varumaa county, Southern Estonia. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. Facts. 2296645), is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Woodland Trust. The wood is used for pegs and spindles, and several varieties of the spindle tree are grown as … euonymus europaeus, spindle, european spindle, common spindle, tree, fruit, red, branch, bush, shrub, plant Public Domain Twigs are thin and straight. We have single trees and tree packs to meet your needs, from wildlife to woodfuel. Spindle (Euonymus europaeus) is a large, vigorous, deciduous shrub or small tree with oval leaves and distinctive, colorful fruits. The flowers are a rich source of nectar and pollen for insects such as the St Mark’s fly. Registered office: Kempton Way, Grantham, Lincolnshire, NG31 6LL. It is often planted as a decorative plant in parks. Euonymus europaeus commonly known as Spindle Tree is native to Europe and Western Asia. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Birds are attracted to the fruit and tend to spread them freely to the point this plant has become weedy and invasive in some areas. branch. The spindle’s botanical name, Euonymus, is from the Greek ‘eu’, meaning ‘good’ and ‘onoma’, meaning ‘name’. Buds and twigs are angular and green. Common Name: European spindletree Family Name : Celastraceae - Bittersweet family Native Range: Eurasia NJ Status: Emerging Stage 1 – Rare (may be locally common). It is found all over Europe in well-lit deciduous forests, and shrub growths along roads. It is native to Europe but has been introduced worldwide for ornamental purposes. Linda Pitkin / Spindle (Euonymus europaeus), fruit, Riddlesdown, Surrey, England, September. Use enter to activate. a wild bush with a very curious fruit in its shape and pink color. Fruits of spindle tree. the fruits of a spindle tree, euonymus europaea, growing in the wild. Redcap spindle tree (Euonymus europaeus 'Redcap'):  This cultivar yields a large crop of persistent, bright capsules with orange seeds; the plants medium green leaves turn reddish-purple in the fall. Other articles where European spindle tree is discussed: Euonymus: The European spindle tree (E. europaeus), which grows to 6 metres (20 feet), keeps its poisonous pink and orange fruits after the leaves fall. 1.1 Leaves; 1.2 Flowers; 1.3 Fruit; 2 Habitat; 3 Commercially Available; 4 Look-alikes. Its bark is deep green, becoming darker with age. It bears red pods in the fall, which often attract the attention of children. Cultivated forms of the tree are also grown in gardens for autumn colour. Range: Europe, including Britain, from Sweden suth and east to Spain, the Caucasus and W. Asia. Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors. The leaves also attract aphids and their predators, including hoverflies, ladybirds and lacewings, as well as the house sparrow and other species of bird. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. 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